Setting up Git for PowerShell

Setting up Git for PowerShell Setting up Git for PowerShell

Installing Git for Windows

Download the latest version of Git for the platform you are using. There are versions for Windows, macOS, and Linux. https://git-scm.com/downloads

The installer for Windows presents a series of pages with configuration options. The following lists show the recommended settings for each page of the installer.

Git for Windows installer Git for Windows installer

Select Components

  • Additional icons - optional (my preference = don’t install)
  • Windows Explorer integration - optional (my preference = don’t install)
  • Git LFS (Large File Support) - depends on your project needs (my preference = install)
  • Associate .git* configuration files with the default text editor
  • Associate .sh files to be run with Bash - if you are using Git bash
  • Use VS Code as Git’s default editor
  • Check daily for Git for Windows updates - optional (my preference = install)
  • (NEW!) Add a Git Bash Profile to Windows Terminal - optional (your preference)
  • (NEW!) Scalar (Git add-on to manage large-scale repositories) - recommended

Choosing the default editor used by Git

  • Use VS Code as Git’s default editor

Adjusting the name of the initial branch in new repositories

  • Override the default branch name for new repositories
    • Name = main

Adjusting your PATH environment

  • Git from the command line and also from 3rd-party software

Choosing the SSH executable

  • Use bundled OpenSSH - default
  • Use external OpenSSH - if you have installed a different version of OpenSSH

Choosing HTTPS transport backend

  • Use the native Windows Secure Channel library

Configuring the line edit conversions

  • Checkout Windows-style, commit Unix-style line endings

Configuring the terminal emulator to use with Git Bash

  • Use Windows’ default console window

Choose the default behavior of git pull

  • Default (Fast-forward or merge)

Choose a credential helper

  • Git Credential Manager

Configuring extra options

  • Enable file system caching
  • Enable symbolic links

Configuring experimental options

  • Enable experimental support for pseudo consoles
  • Enable experimental built-in file system monitor

Post installation configuration

Before working with a repository you need to configure Git with your name and email address. You can also set the default branch name and configure Git to store your credentials. You may also want to adjust the colors used by Git depending on the terminal settings you are using.

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git config --global user.name "FirstName LastName"
git config --global user.email "githubusername@users.noreply.github.com"
git config --global color.ui true
git config --global color.status.changed "magenta bold"
git config --global color.status.untracked "red bold"
git config --global color.status.added "red bold"
git config --global color.unmerged "yellow bold"
git config --global color.branch.remote "magenta bold"
git config --global color.branch.upstream "blue bold"
git config --global color.branch.current "green bold"
git config --global core.excludesfile ~/.gitignore

When you are installing on Windows, the installer walks you through all of the settings. If you are installing on macOS or Linux, you need to configure the default branch name and credential manager.

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git config --global init.defaultBranch main
git config --global credential.helper store